The Impact Evaluation of the Phaseout of Ozone-Depleting Substances in Countries with Economies in Transition (CEITs) was undertaken to assess the longer term results of GEF support to Eastern European and Central Asian countries to stop the production and consumption of these substances, in order to save the ozone layer.
The evaluation found that GEF support for the phaseout of ODS production and consumption in the CEITs was successful and made a contribution to global environment benefits. Two elements proved to be critical to securing success: first, government commitment to develop and implement policy to support the phaseout of consumption and promote commercially viable alternatives; and government institutional capacity to manage, monitor, and enforce phaseout including reducing illegal international trade in ODS, particularly in those CEITs that are now part of the European Union. Second, the GEF financing was strongly focused on providing working capital and technological resources to the private sector to develop and/or convert to non-ODS technologies and chemicals to maintain or gain market share, therefore, clearly demonstrating the link between profit and environmental protection.
The evaluation recommended to the GEF Council that the GEF should consider further investments in the CEITs to address the remaining threats to the ozone layer. Furthermore, the GEF should take the lessons from private sector engagement in phaseout of ODS and incorporate them into other focal areas. The GEF Council, based on its review of the GEF Annual Impact Report 2009 and the management response to the report, decided that GEF-5 strategy proposals should include further investment in capacity development to help CEITs address the remaining threats to the ozone layer. The Council also stated that the GEF Secretariat should incorporate lessons from the positive private sector engagement in the ozone layer into the other focal areas.