IEO conducts accountability and learning-focused evaluations that generate lessons learned for the GEF. The evaluations focus on results, impact and performance of the GEF, and address strategic issues of the partnership.
Overall Performance Studies (OPS) are performed every four years to provide solid evaluative evidence to donors. These evaluations provide an independent assessment of performance and results of the GEF over a GEF replenishment period. The comprehensive evaluations assess the extent to which the GEF is achieving its objectives and identify potential areas of improvement.
The fifth Annual Country Portfolio Evaluation Report (ACPER 2012) provides a synthesis of the main conclusions and recommendations coming form country portfolio evaluations (CPEs) and Country Portfolio Studies (CPSs) conducted in the Latin America and Caribbean region.
This evaluation is one of two country portfolio evaluations conducted in 2011 examining Global Environment Facility (GEF) support in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. Nicaragua was selected primarily on the basis of its comparatively diverse, large, and mature GEF portfolio and because of its status as one of the poorest countries in the Western hemisphere, making it particularly vulnerable to global market trends and price fluctuations as well as to climate variability.
The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (hereafter Timor-Leste) has been receiving GEF funding since 2002 after gaining independence. So far, GEF funding has totaleld $7.9m and projects have been exclusively implemented by UNDP. This evaluation was conducted in parallel with the UNDP Assessment of Development Results for Timor-Leste (2003-2010). GEF funded activities are predominantly in the Climate Change focal area, but activities have also been undertaken in the Biodiversity and Land Degradation focal areas.
El Salvador began receiving GEF support in 1994 with investments around $11.4 million and $22.7 million in co-financing (data as of end of 2010). Eleven national projects have been funded by the GEF that include six projects in biodiversity, three in climate change, one in POPs, and one multifocal project.
In 2011, the Evaluation Office of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) conducted two country portfolio studies in El Salvador and Jamaica. Both studies were performed in collaboration with parallel evaluations by the United Nations Development Programme’s Evaluation Office. Country portfolio studies are a new instrument for the GEF country-level evaluation work. As collaborative efforts, they enable more informed evaluation reporting, a lower evaluation burden on the countries, and cost savings.
Brazil’s participation in the GEF started during the GEF pilot phase in 1991. There are 45 national projects in the GEF Brazil portfolio, which together total $336 million with $ 1 billion of co-financing. In addition to national projects, Brazil participates in 14 regional and 21 global GEF projects, addressing all of the GEF focal areas, with the exception of land degradation. The Brazil Country Portfolio Evaluation (1991-2011) was completed in June 2012 and presented to the GEF Council the same month as a part of the Annual Country Portfolio Evaluation Report 2012 (ACPER 2012).
Jamaica has received financial support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) since 1994. The GEF has invested roughly $11.86 million in Jamaica and $42.09 million in co-financing (data as of end of 2010). The Jamaica Country Portfolio Study covered the full-range of GEF-financed interventions, including national projects and Jamaican elements of regional and global projects.
Moldova has been receiving funds from the GEF since 1994 via 14 national projects in the biodiversity, climate change, international waters and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) focal areas. Moldova was seen as a good choice for evaluation due to its large and diverse portfolio and the fact it has received group allocations under the Resource Allocation Framework (RAF) and also participates in Black Sea and Danube River regional projects. Main findings and recommendations of the Moldova Country portfolio Evaluation were presented to the GEF Council as a part of the Annual Country Portfolio Evaluation 2010 (ACPER 2010).
Turkey has been a long-standing partner of the Global Environment Facility, having received financial support since 1992. The evaluation covered all national projects plus 2 national components of global projects, totaling $36.33 million. In addition, 11 regional projects focusing on the Black and Mediterranean Seas, and Turkey Small Grants Programme were reviewed.
The third Annual Country Portfolio Evaluation Report provides a synthesis of the main conclusions and recommendations of the county portfolio evaluations focused on Moldova and Turkey. These countries were selected for portfolio evaluations based on their long history with the GEF, their large and diverse portfolios, the nature of their GEF country allocation under the Resource Allocation Framework, and their participation in numerous regional international waters focal area projects.