IEO conducts accountability and learning-focused evaluations that generate lessons learned for the GEF. The evaluations focus on results, impact and performance of the GEF, and address strategic issues of the partnership.
Overall Performance Studies (OPS) are performed every four years to provide solid evaluative evidence to donors. These evaluations provide an independent assessment of performance and results of the GEF over a GEF replenishment period. The comprehensive evaluations assess the extent to which the GEF is achieving its objectives and identify potential areas of improvement.
The review of the Global Environment Facility Earth Fund was conducted from June to August 2010. The review included four areas of assessment: compliance with Council decisions, review of earth fund activities, engagement with the private sector and the efficiency of the Earth Fund. The GEF Earth Fund derives from the Public-Private Partnership Initiative established in 2007 as part of an effort to enhance engagement with the private sector. In 2008, the Public-Private Partnership Initiative was renamed the Earth Fund and was restructured to leverage private sector funding.
In November 2008 the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council asked the GEF Evaluation Office to carry out an evaluation of the GEF Strategic Priority for Adaptation (SPA) pilot program. The evaluation was conducted fully and independently by the GEF Evaluation Office with support from the GEF Secretariat, GEF Agencies, governments, and civil society organizations
The Impact Evaluation of the Phaseout of Ozone-Depleting Substances in Countries with Economies in Transition (CEITs) was undertaken to assess the longer term results of GEF support to Eastern European and Central Asian countries to stop the production and consumption of these substances, in order to save the ozone layer.
The 2009 Annual Impact Report compiled by the Global Environment Facility Evaluation Office (GEFEO) presents information on the following studies: the impact evaluation of GEF assistance for the phaseout of ozone-depleting substances in economies in transition; a study of the effectiveness of a project design to permit experimental impact evaluation; and ongoing impact evaluation of biodiversity projects in Peru in collaboration with the Independent Evaluation group, World Bank.
The second annual impact report presents information on topics including an overview of the Global Environment Facility’s (GEF) impact evaluation work in 2008 including the mixed-method approach which was pursued in line with the conclusions of the 2007 Annual Impact Report. This includes two new case studies completed in 2008 in Thailand and Costa Rica which provide insights on the impacts of protected areas.
The purpose of the joint evaluation of the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) was to assess the results and lessons learned from the operations of the LDCF (including countries, agencies, donors, and Secretariat) in financing and promoting adaptation in Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The evaluation team consisted of staff from the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Danish consulting firm COWI, and the management team was drawn from the GEFEO and the Evaluation Office of DANIDA.
The first annual impact report includes an explanation of two parallel evaluation approaches developed and tested by the Global Environment Facility’s Evaluation Office (GEFEO): i) a theory-based approach to link outcomes to impact in three protected area projects in Bwindi-Mgahinga, Lewa, and at cross-border sites in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda; and ii) a statistical analysis of existing time-series data on deforestation and protected areas in Costa Rica.
In June 2006, the Global Evaluation Facility (GEF) Council requested that the GEF Evaluation Office undertake an independent evaluation of the Small Grants Programme (SGP). The GEF Evaluation Office invited the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to participate in the evaluation, given that UNDP implements, and is strongly involved in, the SGP.
In 1999, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council approved expanded opportunities to undertake GEF projects for seven Executing Agencies (ExAs): the Asian Development Bank, African Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Inter-American Development Bank, International Fund for Agricultural Development, and United Nations Industrial Development Organization. However, their involvement in the GEF did not grow as expected.