This report presents the main findings of the GEF International Waters Program Study, conducted from August 2000 to February 2001.
The study was undertaken by a team comprising an independent lead consultant, representatives of GEF’s monitoring and evaluation unit (M&E), GEF secretariat, the three GEF implementing agencies (UNDP, UNEP, and the World Bank), and the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP).
This study was prepared as part of the Global Environment Facility Monitoring and Evaluation (GEF M&E) work program for 2002. The rationale for the study emerged from the findings and conclusions of several earlier evaluations that suggested biodiversity initiatives supported by the GEF needed to become financially self-sufficient after completing the GEF-funded phase.
From 1991 to 2000, the GEF approved eight projects designed to stimulate markets for energy-efficient products—lights, refrigerators, industrial boilers, and building chillers—in 12 developing and transitional countries. Project costs for this portfolio are about half a billion dollars, with GEF contributions of over $90 million leveraging additional co-financing of $430 million from other sources.
This paper is a background document to the International Waters Program Study of 2002. It presents a review of GEF actions that have contributed to the development and implementation of water-related global and regional environmental agreements. The review is regionally based to emphasize linkages between global frameworks and regional responses, and between general principles and the specificities of the transboundary issues of each region.
The Second Overall Performance Study (OPS2) is de- signed to assess the extent to which GEF has achieved, or is on its way to achieving, its main objectives as specified during the restructuring in 1994, and the policies adopted by the GEF Council in subsequent years.
The Biodiversity Program Study, which was sponsored by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) secretariat, was conducted between September 2000 and March 2001 in collaboration with the three GEF implementing agencies (UNEP, UNDP, and the World Bank), and the GEF Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP). The main objective of the study was to assist the team assigned to implement the GEF's Second Overall Performance Study (OPS2) by analyzing the achievements and impacts of, and lessons emerging from, biodiversity projects funded by the GEF since 1992.
The purpose of the review is to suggest, based upon project designs and preliminary implementation experience, whether GEF STP projects are contributing to technology cost reductions or other industry changes as envisioned under OP7. In the absence of substantial operating experience, the review provides updated perspectives on this question relative to when the projects were first proposed and early implementation experience.
This study presents suggested indicators for Monitoring and Evaluating Climate Change. The study is the result of an exercise conducted during 1999-2000 to develop a framework for determining the impacts of GEF’s climate change activities. The exercise was conducted by an external study team, under the guidance of a Steering Committee, and in close consultation with GEF management and staff.
The GEF Solar PV Portfolio: Emerging Experience and Lessons is the result of a 1999 thematic review.
The review highlighted a number of important issues associated with solar home systems projects that future projects should explicitly address to varying degrees, depending on the delivery model employed.