The Cuba Country Portfolio Evaluation (1992 - 2011) was conducted by the Global Environment facility (GEF) Evaluation Office between June 2011 and June 2012. As stated in the Terms of Reference of the evaluation, the country was selected primarily based on its large and mature portfolio of projects in all GEF focal areas with significant emphasis on biodiversity. Since 1992, the GEF has invested about US$44 million, with approximately US$240 million in co-financing through 19 national projects in Cuba.
Results, Effectiveness and Sustainability
- The GEF has achieved important results in biodiversity (including biosafety), land degradation, climate change, international waters and persistent organic pollutants.
- Results of GEF support to Cuba built on lessons learned from previous projects thanks to continuity of policies, institutions, staff and people involved in implementation.
- GEF projects have indirectly supported South-South cooperation which was made possible by the high priority given by the government of Cuba for such cooperation.
- The sustainability of results in Cuba is ensured through the programmatic approach of the Government to support subsequent projects funded by it, GEF and other donors.
- GEF support has been relevant to the establishment of environmental priorities and strategies.
- The Government of Cuba has strong ownership of GEF supported projects.
- The approval process for MSPs and FSPs in Cuba is on average shorter than in other Latin American and Caribbean countries where country portfolio evaluations have been conducted. Project preparation costs are lower when compared to the overall GEF portfolio.
- Institutional arrangements for the design and implementation of GEF supported projects in Cuba are efficient.
- Project level monitoring and evaluation occurs for adaptive management and compilation of monitoring information. However, access to monitoring data for decision-making presents challenges.
- The economic and geographic context in Cuba negatively affects the implementation and results achieved by GEF supported projects.
To the GEF Council
- Strengthen efforts into mainstreaming adaptation in project design and implementation in all focal areas, and provide additional support and guidance to countries in the design and implementation of multifocal projects that include adaptation.
- In countries with particular contexts like Cuba, the GEF should be more pragmatic concerning administrative procedures, and build institutional memory on how to address these situations.
- The GEF should strengthen South-South cooperation in project program design and implementation in all focal areas, especially through regional projects and programs.
- Develop an information management strategy to strengthen knowledge sharing from GEF projects and programs at the national level and to better achieve global environmental benefits.