Formative Evaluation of the GEF Integrated Approach to Address the Drivers of Environmental Degradation

Environmental Degradation
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In 2014, the GEF introduced a ser of pilot programmatic approaches aiming at addressing the main global environmental challenges through an integrated approach. Three Integrated Approach Pilot (IAP) programs were launched during GEF-6. Two programs focused on urbanization (the Sustainable Cities IAP) and commodity-driven deforestation (the Commodities IAP); a third program centered on sustainability and resilience for food security in Sub-Saharan Africa drylands (the Food Security IAP). The GEF-7 programming documents build on these pilots to fully roll out the GEF integrated approach through a sizeable investment in a set of discrete impact programs. The Food, Land Use and Restoration Impact Program (FOLUR IP) builds on the Food Security and the Commodities IAPs. The Sustainable Cities IP is a continuation of its homonymous GEF-6 predecessor. Three Sustainable Forest Management IPs shift GEF support focus from individual countries to three specific biomes: the Amazon, the Congo Basin, and selected drylands around the globe.

As part of its work program for GEF-7, the GEF Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) has been tasked to review both the IAPs and IPs. As information on results is not yet available for GEF-7 IPs, IEO plans to adopt a approach to this review. The review will be composed of a midterm assessment of GEF-6 IAPs' implementation, early results and lessons, and an assessment of how the lessons from these pilots have been incorporated in the IPs. In order to capture the evolution of the GEF integrated approach from its GEF-6 pilot initiative to GEF-7 IPs, the review will be structured around three major components: (i) Sustainable Cities IAP and IP; (ii) FOLUR IP and Food Security & Commodities IAPs; and (iii) SFM and Amazon, Congo and Drylands IPs.