Drylands cover over 40 percent of the earth's land surface and are home to more than two billion people, 90 percent of which reside in developing countries. Countries with a high share of drylands face comparable land-based environmental challenges including water scarcity, high climate variability, desertification, land degradation and drought.
The GEF Annual Performance Report (APR) prepared by the GEF Independent Evaluation Office (GEF IEO) provides an overview of the performance of GEF activities and processes, key factors that may affect performance, and the quality of Monitoring and Evaluations systems (M&E).
Formative Evaluation of the GEF Integrated Approach to address the Drivers of Environmental Degradation
The GEF introduced the integrated approach in 2014, building on its long and evolving history on integration. This major reform aimed to address the main drivers of global environmental degradation and deliver multiple benefits across multilateral environmental agreements using the GEF programmatic approach modality.
The GEF IEO has undertaken several studies and reviews to understand the COVID-19 pandemic’s effect on GEF’s support. This evaluation is a continuation of those efforts and has two parts:
Since inception, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) has been explicit about the importance of involving stakeholders, initially described as "the public", in GEF-financed interventions.
GEF enabling activities are projects to prepare a plan, strategy, or report to fulfill commitments under a Convention. This evaluation assesses the role of enabling activities in helping countries meet their Convention obligations, their role in developing national policies, plans and strategies, and the efficiency of the direct access mechanism.
The 2020 program evaluation of the least developed countries fund (LDCF) covers performance and progress towards LDCF objectives and results in the four years since the 2016 LDCF program evaluation.
The Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) was created in 2001 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to help vulnerable nations address negative impacts of climate change. The SCCF finances activities that complement those funded by the GEF climate change focal area and by bilateral and multilateral funding.