Carlo Carugi

Carlo Carugi

Carlo has more than 34 years of experience in environment and development, 16 of which spent in developing countries, both on long term (Niger, Botswana, Vietnam and Cameroun) and short term assignments in all the GEF geographic regions around the world. Carlo's first involvement in evaluation started in 1991, when he collaborated with Italian universities in research for the integration of economic and environmental data to construct biodiversity indicators and to evaluate the environmental sustainability of NGO-implemented development projects. Since then, all along his professional career he conducted several project, programme, policy, strategy, thematic and country-level evaluations for the European Commission, Italy, FAO and others.

Carlo holds an MSc in Agricultural Science from the University of Bologna in Italy and an MSc in Environment and Development from the Imperial College at Wye, University of London, UK. He is also trained in Environmental Impact Assessment from the University of Milano in Italy.


Staff Publications


  • Evaluating site selection at design in food systems interventions: A formative geospatial approach External Link
  • A Joint Evaluation with Lessons for the Sustainable Development Goals Era External Link
  • Experiences with Systematic Triangulation at the Global Environment Facility External Link


  • The case of the GEF IEO's Strategic Country Cluster Evaluations External Link
  • From program evaluation to joint evaluation of SDGs-ready interventions External Link
  • Triangulation in mixed methods evaluation External Link