Progress Toward Impact (OPS4)

Every four years, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is replenished by its donors. Each replenishment process has been informed by independent overall performance studies of the GEF. These studies have developed into authoritative reviews of the state of the art and of available knowledge on the functioning and results of the GEF. Previous reviews were undertaken by teams of independent experts; this Fourth Overall Performance Study (OPS4) was, for the first time in the study series' history, undertaken by a GEF entity itself: the GEF Evaluation Office. This authorship stems from the recognition that the Office — which became independent in 2004 and from that point reported directly to the GEF Council — could provide a perspective independent from that of the Secretariat, the GEF Agencies, GEF donors and recipients, and otherGEF partners and stakeholders.

Another first for the study series is that OPS4 tackles the issue of the impact of completed GEF projects. It is clear that the GEF cannot, on its own, bring about solutions to the major global environmental problems of our time. The amount of funding is simply not enough, and these solutions have to be accomplished by the governments and local communities of recipient countries and through actions in the developed world. However, evaluative evidence shows that most of the GEF's finished projects have achieved satisfactory progress toward impact. When the follow-up is in place that ensures the up-scaling of these achievements, longer term effects and impacts can be realized.

Given the comparatively small role that the GEF can play, it has to be catalytic to ensure that any success will be replicated on a scale that will make a difference. Evaluative evidence on this catalytic role shows that the GEF modalities will strongly support up-scaling: first, the enabling environment is created through foundational interventions, in which regulatory frameworks, policies, and national priorities are developed; then demonstration of new technologies, market changes, or new approaches to interaction with the environment are put in place; and, lastly, investments ensure the national implementation or up-scaling of these new approaches. Unfortunately, the same evidence reveals that the GEF did not have sufficient funds to apply all of these modalities in all recipient countries. Least developed countries and small island developing states especially have not progressed far in terms of demonstration and investment.

Evaluation Learnings

OPS4 Progress Toward Impact

OPS4 Signpost
Last Updated on:
Evaluation Learnings:
English357.78 KB, French460.96 KB, Spanish458.79 KB

Supporting Documents

Other

  • The Experience of the Global Environment Facility Fourth Overall Performance Study ( ): English706.21 KB
  • L03 - Climate Change ( ): English1.26 MB
  • L03 - Biodiversity ( ): English714.79 KB
  • R01 - Publications ( ): English209.4 KB
  • R03 - Projects ( ): English417.7 KB

Presentation

  • Final Report ( ): English800.71 KB

Survey

  • S03 - Governance ( ): English408.7 KB
  • S01 - Surveys ( ): English647.35 KB
  • S04 - Civil Society Organization ( ): English77.33 KB
  • S02 - Monitoring Evaluation ( ): English0 bytes

Methodological

  • M03 - Assessment ( ): English1.36 MB
  • M06 - Quality Supervision ( ): English1.5 MB
  • M09 - Terminal Evaluation Review ( ): English1.67 MB
  • M12 - Studies Section ( ): English1.31 MB
  • M15 - Focal Points ( ): English1.3 MB
  • M18 - Donor Countries ( ): English1.36 MB
  • M21 - Comments ( ): English1.27 MB
  • M01 - Terms of Reference ( ): English1.37 MB
  • M04 - PIF ( ): English1.5 MB
  • M07 - Management Action Record ( ): English1.41 MB
  • M10 - Learning Science ( ): English1.3 MB
  • M13 - Consultations ( ): English1.32 MB
  • M16 - International NGOS ( ): English1.3 MB
  • M19 - Advisors TORs ( ): English1.34 MB
  • M02 - ROtI ( ): English1.66 MB
  • M05 - Cofinancing ( ): English1.56 MB
  • M08 - Classifications Review ( ): English1.69 MB
  • M11 - Studies TORs ( ): English1.79 MB
  • M14 - Agencies ( ): English1.3 MB
  • M17 - National NGOS ( ): English1.3 MB
  • M20 - Quality Assurance ( ): English1.46 MB

Technical Document

  • TD01 - Overview ( ): English407.47 KB
  • TD11 - ROtI - APR Ratings ( ): English512.95 KB
  • TD09 - Gender Issues ( ): English865.59 KB
  • TD10 - Stakeholder ( ): English414.44 KB
  • TD08 - Resource Mobilization ( ): English758.39 KB
  • TD02 - Ozone Layer ( ): English1.07 MB
  • TD05 - Governance ( ): English843.14 KB
  • TD15 - Assessing the Potential for Experimental Evaluation of Intervention Effects (RISEMP) ( ): English1.01 MB
  • TD07 - Review ( ): English361.62 KB
  • TD03 - Catalytic Role - China ( ): English534.39 KB
  • TD06 - Peer Review ( ): English941.29 KB
  • TD04 - Catalytic Role - Slovenia ( ): English468.22 KB
  • TD14 - Protected Areas in Thailand ( ): English967.65 KB
  • TD05 - Priorities and indicators for Global Environment Benefits from Biodiversity ( ): English1005.73 KB
  • TD11 - Protected Areas and Avoided Deforestation ( ): English272.79 KB

Informational

  • TD17 - Phase-Out of Ozone-Depleting Substances in Countries with Economies in Transition (volume 1) ( ): English3.51 MB
  • TD18 - Phase-Out of Ozone-Depleting Substances in Countries with Economies in Transition (volume 2) ( ): English4.02 MB
  • TD13 - Evaluate the Social Impacts of Protected Areas ( ): English2.04 MB
  • TD12 - GEF Protected Area Projects in East Africa ( ): English1.49 MB
  • TD02 - Report on Proposed Approach ( ): English499.58 KB
  • TD03 - GEF Biodiversiry Policy Review ( ): English265.08 KB
  • TD04 - Methodological Challenges in Impact Evaluation ( ): English390.58 KB

Annex

  • A01 - Questions ( ): English537.47 KB
  • A04 - Team ( ): English217.42 KB
  • A02 - Methodology ( ): English760.54 KB
  • A03 - Executive Summary ( ): English413.11 KB

Case Study

  • TD06 - Methodology ( ): English128.48 KB
  • TD09 - Reducing Biodiversity Loss at Cross-Border Sites in East Africa Project ( ): English422.32 KB
  • TD07 - Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park Conservation Project ( ): English437.41 KB
  • TD08 - Lewa Wildlife Conservancy Project ( ): English717.78 KB

Approach Paper

  • TD01 - Approach Paper ( ): English299.33 KB

Evaluation Reports

Progressing Toward Environmental Results (OPS3)

Status: Published | Last updated on:
Evaluation Report:
English2.73 MB
Evaluation Summary:
English4.31 MB

The First Decade of the GEF (OPS2)

Status: Published | Last updated on:
Evaluation Report:
English1.36 MB

1st Overall Perfromance Study (OPS1)

Status: Published | Last updated on:
Evaluation Report:
English716.93 KB

Independent Evaluation of the Pilot Phase (OPS Pilot Phase)

Status: Published | Last updated on:
Evaluation Report:
English17.05 MB

Council Documents

GEF Council Meeting 33

  • GEF/C.33/ME/1: Four-Year Work Program and FY09 Budget of the GEF Evaluation Office ( )
    Council Document:
    English399.58 KB
    Document Summary:
    English349.7 KB, French243.61 KB

GEF Council Meeting 35

  • GEF/C.35/ME/Inf.1/Rev.1: Fourth Overall Performance Study of the GEF (OPS4) - Interim Report ( )
    Council Document:
    English211.98 KB

GEF Council Meeting 36

  • GEF/C.36/ME/Inf.1: Main Conclusions and Recommendations of the Fourth Overall Performance Study of the GEF: Progress Toward Impact ( )
    Council Document:
    English389.42 KB